Pharmaceutical research and the development of new drugs are strongly linked to biomedical research. So, many photonic tools described under “Medicine/Healthcare” and “biology” are relevant to pharmaceutics. Nevertheless, for the development of drugs three tools are particularly worth mentioning:

  • Micro-arrays and the excitation/detection of fluorescence to systematically and with high speed analyse the reactivity of new substances.
  • Laser flow cytometry for the identification and selection of a certain type of cells to be used to investigate their sensitivity to particular substances.
  • Laser tweezers for the manipulation of cells (e.g. collected using cytometry)